Types of Pruning Techniques.
Tree surgeons and arborists like Daytona Beach Tree Pros do classify pruning according to where in the crown the branches are removed from.
In any type of pruning you are doing, remember that trees need their leaves to produce food, never remove more than 30% of the live foliage from a tree at once.
Here are some of common types of pruning.
This involves removing the lower branches in the crown of a tree. This is done to provide clearance over paths or roads for instance, or at times to allow more light to pass beneath the crown.
This type of pruning often has little impact on the amenity of a tree as it does not change the more visible higher parts of the crown.
Still, lower branches tend to be bigger therefore the wounds are larger, which can have an adverse effect on the health of the tree.
This involves the selective removal of branches throughout the crown, in a way that the overall shape of the crown is not significantly altered.
Crown thinning increases air circulation and light penetration throughout the crown.
It is of great import to work throughout the crown, even with its outer edges, focusing on removing small diameter branches.
If too many branches from the centre of the crown is removed, it can result in the tree having a poor structure with few points that can be pruned back to in the future.
Also, it can result in long, thin branches that have little foliage in their lower parts to dampen swaying, thereby putting more stress on the tree in high winds.
This is the reduction in whole size of the crown by reducing branches, cutting back to a suitable growth point.
This technique is usually used when a tree has grown out of the space it stands in.
Crown reduction usually results in large wounds at the branch ends, and this may start to decay.
Crown reduction should be seen as a last resort.
Pollarding is a maintenance regime that is began when a tree is young and is repeated at frequent intervals throughout the tree’s life.
This is a management technique used on willows to provide a constant supply of small diameter poles.
Pollarding is often misused to refer to the removing of all branches from a mature tree.
This is a poor practice that can leave large wounds and a tree with no foliage with which to produce food, causing considerable stress to the tree.