Category Archives: Tree Care

DIFFERENT TYPES OF PRUNING TECHNIQUES

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DIFFERENT TYPES OF PRUNING TECHNIQUES

Pruning is a horticultural practice that involves the selective removal of certain parts of a plant, like branches, buds, or roots. The reasons for pruning plants include shaping, deadwood removal, maintaining health, improving health, reducing risk from falling branches and both harvesting and increasing the quality of flowers and fruits.

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Pruning entails targeted removal of damaged, diseased, dead, non-productive, structurally unsound, or unwanted tissue from crop and landscape plants.

It is usually preferable to make any necessary formative structural pruning cuts to young plants, instead of removing large, poorly placed branches from mature plants.

Also, it is important when pruning that the tree’s limbs are kept intact, as this is what helps the tree stay upright.

Types of pruning

Irrespective of the various names used for types of pruning, there are only two basic cuts.

One cuts back to an intermediate point which is called heading back cut, while the other cuts back to some point of origin, called thinning out cut.

Heading-back cut: this involves the removal of a portion of a growing stem down to a set of desirable buds or side-branching stems.

Heading back cut is commonly performed in well trained plants for a number of reasons, for instance to stimulate growth of flowers, fruit or branches, performed as a preventative measure to wind and snow damage on long stems and branches, and also to encourage growth of the stems in a desirable direction.

Thinning out cut: this is a more drastic form of pruning which involves the removal of an entire shoot, limb, or branch at its point of origin.

It is usually employed to revitalize a plant by removing weak, over-mature, problematic, and excessive growths.

Thinning encourages the formation of new growth that will more readily bear fruit and flowers when performed correctly.

This is a common technique used in pruning roses or for renewing shrubs with multiple branches.

Topping: this is a very severe form of pruning. It involves removing all branches and growths down to a few large branches or even to the trunk of the tree.

When performed correctly, it is used on very young trees, and can also be used to begin training younger trees for pollarding.

Deadheading: deadheading is the act of removing spent flowers or flowerheads for aesthetics.

This is done to prolong bloom for up to several weeks or promote rebloom. Also, it can be done to prevent seeding.

Types of Pruning Techniques

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Types of Pruning Techniques.

Tree surgeons and arborists like Daytona Beach Tree Pros do classify pruning according to where in the crown the branches are removed from.

In any type of pruning you are doing, remember that trees need their leaves to produce food, never remove more than 30% of the live foliage from a tree at once.

Here are some of common types of pruning.

Crown lifting

This involves removing the lower branches in the crown of a tree. This is done to provide clearance over paths or roads for instance, or at times to allow more light to pass beneath the crown.

This type of pruning often has little impact on the amenity of a tree as it does not change the more visible higher parts of the crown.

Still, lower branches tend to be bigger therefore the wounds are larger, which can have an adverse effect on the health of the tree.

Crown thinning

This involves the selective removal of branches throughout the crown, in a way that the overall shape of the crown is not significantly altered.

Crown thinning increases air circulation and light penetration throughout the crown.

It is of great import to work throughout the crown, even with its outer edges, focusing on removing small diameter branches.

If too many branches from the centre of the crown is removed, it can result in the tree having a poor structure with few points that can be pruned back to in the future.

Also, it can result in long, thin branches that have little foliage in their lower parts to dampen swaying, thereby putting more stress on the tree in high winds.

Crown reduction

This is the reduction in whole size of the crown by reducing branches, cutting back to a suitable growth point.

This technique is usually used when a tree has grown out of the space it stands in.
Crown reduction usually results in large wounds at the branch ends, and this may start to decay.
Crown reduction should be seen as a last resort.

Pollarding

Pollarding is a maintenance regime that is began when a tree is young and is repeated at frequent intervals throughout the tree’s life.

This is a management technique used on willows to provide a constant supply of small diameter poles.

Pollarding is often misused to refer to the removing of all branches from a mature tree.

This is a poor practice that can leave large wounds and a tree with no foliage with which to produce food, causing considerable stress to the tree.

What You Should Know About Palm Tree Care?

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A palm tree is the most elegant plant you may have in your garden; it brings the atmosphere of sunny tropical islands in your home; however growing palm trees in the northern hemisphere can be a real test that requires proper knowledge and understanding of specific tree care elements. But, learning about proper palm tree care will give you extraordinary satisfaction, once you master necessary procedure; you will become very proud owner of a beautiful palm tree.

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Choosing the Right Palm Tree

A proper and successful palm tree care begins with careful plant selection and proper location selection, as those two elements are the most important aspects in correct palm tree care. You must analyze your region and chose the palm specie that correspondent with the climate in your area, do not forget that palm trees are extremely vulnerable to sudden temperature changes. Therefore, you must be positive that your choice correspondent with natural abilities of the plant. You must also choose the right location for your palm tree, taking care of light and temperature requirements. The most popular palm tree varieties include Pindo, Bismark, Sago, Palmetto, California fan and Royal palm tree.

Choosing the Right Location

The palm tree is very demanding when it comes to location, be sure that you find the spot with a large amount of organic nutrients and a huge amount of fresh water. Also, do not forger that palm trees are known to be quite picky when it comes to light and temperature, they must be placed in a direct sun to grow, if you choose to place them in the shade, they will become small and extremely fragile. You must know the exact tolerance limits of your plant before it is placed in the soil; therefore, it is important to know exact light and temperature readings for your area.

Planting the Palm Tree

The next step is the actual planting of your palm tree. The best season is early spring; it is best to avoid completely planting during hot summer days as young palms require a lot of water in the first months. If you are not proficient with the process of planting a palm tree, it is advisable to call Professional Tree Care Service to ensure full success of this delicate planting process. If you choose to plant a tree by yourself, you should dig a large hole, at least three times wider than the dimension of a palm root, paying special attention while handling the young palm, not to harm the “heart” of a palm tree. It is the most vital part of a plant, be extra careful not to damage it. Otherwise your plant may perish.


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Palm Tree Daily Care

A newly planted palm tree would need a month and a half to acclimate fully to new surroundings and climate. Only after your plant is fully acclimated, you may use fertilizers, but take care not to use them too often, three or four times per year are quite enough. At the end of the day, if you are not sure about specific palm tree care detail, it advisable to visit a professional tree care service, like www.allaccesstreecare.com.